Pillars of Islam

The Grades of Deen: Islam, 'Imān and Iḥsān

Executive Summary    Presented here is a translated chapter from Volume 1 of Kitāb ut-Tawḥeed by Professor Muḥammad ibn Abdallah al-Mas’ari. The specific arrangement or ordering of words: ‘Islam, ‘Imān and Iḥsān’ is taken from the famous authentic ḥadith of the angel Jibreel (Gabriel).  In this  ḥadith  he approached the Prophet (peace be upon him) during a public gathering and asked a series of questions.  After asking each question, he affirmed the