Dog days are over?

Introduction The article presented here is an adaptation of Appendices 3 and 4 from the major study entitled ‘Permissibility or Impermissibility of Foods: A ruling application for guidance concerning the permissibility or impermissibility of foods where they contain alcohol and / or animal products,’ by Professor Muḥammad ibn Abdullah al-Mas’ari.  That study was originally undertaken for a major pharmaceutical company and its unique research findings run to several hundred pages