Five-Pillars

Five-by-Five

Common parlance has that there are but five pillars of Islam: the testimony of faith, establishing the prayer, paying the obligatory charity, fasting in the month of Ramaḍān and making the pilgrimage.  The famous traditions carrying that wording are reported in almost all notable collections of ḥadith. When it comes to the citation, usually it is the narrations reported on the authority of Ibn Umar, son of Umar bin al-Khaṭṭāb (may