The grades of Deen: Islam, Iman and Iḥsan

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Executive Summary 

 

Presented here is a translation of chapter 8 from Part 1 (The Foundations of Deen and its Fundamental Maxims) of Kitāb at-Tawḥeed: A’sās al-Islām wa Ḥaqeeqat-at-Tawḥeed, by Professor Muḥammad bin Abdallah al-Mas’ari.

The specific arrangement or ordering of words: ‘Islam, I’mān and Iḥsān’ is taken from the famous authentic ḥadith of the angel Jibreel (Gabriel).  In this  ḥadith  he approached the Prophet (peace be upon him) during a public gathering and asked a series of questions.  After asking each question, he affirmed the truth of the Prophet’s reply.

However, when considering the entire corpus of evidence, the reported wording isn’t completely uniform and there are some important variations of wording that have been reported.  That body of evidence is presented and evaluated, with conclusions drawn from the totality of the corpus.

Tawheed-Part-1-ch8-Feb17.pdf (19 downloads)

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